London is a city that has it all. You really don’t need to look further than the Great British Capital to get your fill of history. But that doesn’t mean that history buffs should ignore mainland Europe. Whether we like to admit or not, the events of Europe over the past couple of millennia have had a dramatic impact on life as we know it today.

So, what exactly are the must-see historic sites in Europe? Let’s take a look!


Colosseum, Italy

The Colosseum is a spectacular remnant of the Roman Empire and one of the most photographed historical structures in Rome (and there are plenty more to see in this amazing capital). Not only is the Colosseum the largest amphitheatre still standing, but it’s the largest of its kind ever to be built, according to most historians.

Some calculations suggest that this magnificent structure could once accommodate up to 80,000 guests. Animal hunts, mythology-related performances and gladiator battles were once the main draw of the Colosseum. Today, the building is one of the most important historic sites in Europe and a physical reminder of what was once the world’s most powerful ancient empire.

Anne Frank’s House, Netherlands

Anne Frank’s tale doesn’t have a fairy-tale ending, but it does serve as a stark reminder of what life was like for Europe’s Jewish community during WWII. If you want to see where teenage Anne Frank wrote her diary, you should visit her house in Amsterdam.

Your emotions will run high as you tour the house that once sheltered a family of Jewish people in hiding. Still, Anne Frank’s House is undoubtedly one of Europe’s most important sites of modern history. You can get to Amsterdam with ease by using the fantastic hop-on-hop-off coach tour from Busabout.

Stonehenge, UK

Much of Europe’s history is well-documented. Some of it, on the other hand, is barely understood at all. Most archaeologists agree that Stonehenge is at least 5,000 years old.

But whether this monument served as a pagan prayer site, burial mound or something completely different is still up for debate. Stonehenge is one of the world’s best-preserved prehistoric monuments. Want to find out more about this mysterious site? Book one of our guided tours.

Lascaux, France

They say art allows us to communicate with future generations, and that’s certainly the case with Lascaux. Located in the caves of the Vézère Valley in Dordogne, the Lascaux is often described as the cradle of human art.

Over 500 wall paintings line the walls of these caves. Even more impressive is the fact that some of these images were painted around 20,000 years ago.

Unfortunately, for the protection of the paintings, you can no longer visit the original site. You can, however, observe indistinguishable reproductions at the nearby Lascaux II.

Acropolis, Greece

Acropolis is the site of an ancient citadel located on a rocky outcrop overlooking Athens. This is where visual arts, philosophy, architecture and modern democracy flourished around 500 BC. It’s often touted as one of the most precious and important historic sites in all of Europe

When you tour the ruins of monuments such as the Parthenon, the Propylaea and the Temple of Athena Nike, you’ll understand why. If you plan a trip to Athens, make sure you pay a visit to the Acropolis.


For the best ways to explore the UK’s historical sites, make sure you take a look at our fantastic day tours from London. You’ll find precious historical destinations like Windsor Castle, Stonehenge and Blenheim Palace are all at your fingertips.

Author

Evan Evans provides unforgettable journeys and experiences to Britain’s most iconic locations. Journey deep into the heart of Britain’s incredible history, culture and legends on a guided tour with London’s longest-running tour operator.

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